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The Information Commons
A Public Policy Report

By Nancy Kranich
Senior Research Fellow, 2003-04
Free Expression Policy Project

© 2004. Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.
It may be reproduced in its entirety as long as the Free Expression Policy Project is credited, a link to the Project's Web site is provided, and no charge is imposed. The report may not be reproduced in part or in altered form, or if a fee is charged, without our permission. Please let us know if you reprint.

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Contents and Executive Summary

Introduction

I. Opportunities and Challenges of the Information Age

II. The Emerging Information Commons

III. The Future of the Information Commons

APPENDIX
Policies and Principles Related to Information and Communications Technologies
(all Web sites accessed May 2004)

Technology/Internet Organizations

A Manifesto for Online Communities,
http://www.partnerships.org.uk/cyber/manifest.htm

Aspen Institute, Communication and Society Program, Toward an Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities, Washington, DC: Aspen Institute, 1995

Association for Progressive Communications, APC Internet Rights Charter,
http://www.apc.org/english/rights/charter.shtml

Communication Rights in the Information Society,
http://www.crisinfo.org/live/index.php?
section=5&subsection=0&doc=1

Global Internet Policy Initiative, Policy Principles - The ICT Framework,
http://www.gipiproject.org/principles

IP Justice, Principles,
http://www.ipjustice.org/principles.shtml

New America Foundation and Public Knowledge, "A Return to First Principles," in Saving the Information Commons: A New Public Interest Agenda in Digital Media, by David Bollier and Tim Watts, May 2002, pps. 67-69, http://www.newamerica.net/Download_Docs/
pdfs/Pub_File_866_1.pdf

People's Communication Charter,
http://www.pccharter.net/charteren.html

Platform for Communication Rights,
http://www.comunica.org/platform/index.htm

Somos@Telecentros Network,
http://www.tele-centros.org/english/index.html

TechFunders Collaborative, Principles,
http://www.techfunders.org/principles.html

Wireless Commons Manifesto,
http://www.sarai.net/journal/03pdf/366_367_
wirelessmanifesto.pdf

Democracy and Mass Media Advocacy Organizations

Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom (CPBF), CPBF Manifesto: Shaping the Democratic Vision,
http://www.cpbf.demon.co.uk/manifesto.htm,
and Campaign Statement,
http://www.presscampaign.org/statement.htm

Center for Digital Democracy, Declaration of Digital Democracy, http://www.democraticmedia.org/issues/
decDigitalDemocracy.html
, and Cable Broadband and Beyond: Open Access Principles for Public Interest Programming,
http://www.democraticmedia.org/issues/
openaccess/principles.html

Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR), The Seattle Statement: Moving the Democratic Communication Agenda Forward, http://www.cpsr.org/publications/
newsletters/issues/2000/Summer2000/seattle1.html

Consumer Federation of America, et al., Democratic Discourse and the Public Interest: Media Ownership Policies and Digital Communications Networks,
http://www.consumerfed.org/principles.pdf

Forum on Globalisation and Cultural Diversity: The Challenge to the Audiovisual Industry, Valencia Statement on Globalisation and Cultural Diversity,
http://www.audiovisualforum.net/manifest/index.htm

Greater Democracy,
http://www.greaterdemocracy.org/about.html

The MacBride Round Table on Communication, Many Voices, One World: Conclusions and Recommendations,
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~rvincent/mcbcon2.htm

Media Alliance, A Call for a Communications Bill of Rights,
http://www.media-alliance.org/mediafile/20-1/
kidd.html

Media Channel, A Declaration of Media Independence,
http://www.mediachannel.org/views/dissector/
declaration.shtml

Voices 21, A Global Movement for People's Voices in Media and Communication in the 21st Century,
http://www.comunica.org/v21/statement.htm

Libraries/Publishing/Print Media Organizations

American Library Association, Principles for the Networked World, http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/washpubs/principles.pdf, and Principles for an Effective Information Commons, http://info-commons.org/arch/1/icwg.html

Association of College and Research Libraries, Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly Communication,
http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/whitepapers/
principlesstrategies.html

International Federation of Library Associations and International Publishers' Association, Joint IFLA/IPA Statement on Freedom of Expression on the Internet,
http://www.ipauie.org/librarians/relationship/Joint% 20Statement%2021%20August%202003.htm

The Wellcome Trust, Scientific Publishing: A Position Statement in Support of Open Access Publishing,
http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/1/awtvispolpub.html

World Organizations

Japan Government, Okinawa Charter on Global Information Society, http://www.dotforce.org/reports/it1.html

UNESCO, UNESCO's Contribution to the World Summit on the Information Society (Geneva 2003 and Tunis 2005),
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001295/
129531e.pdf
, and Toward Knowledge Societies, http://portal.unesco.org/ci/ev.php?URL_ID= 13201&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201

World Summit on the Information Society, Civil Society Declaration, Shaping Information Societies for Human Needs,
http://wsis-online.net/smsi/file-storage/download/
WSIS-CS-Decl-08Dec2003-eng1.htm?version_id
=313554#accesstoinfo


The Free Expression Policy Project began in 2000 to provide empirical research and policy development on tough censorship issues and seek free speech-friendly solutions to the concerns that drive censorship campaigns. In 2004-2007, it was part of the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law. The FEPP website is now hosted by the National Coalition Against Censorship. Past funders have included the Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, the Nathan Cummings Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Educational Foundation of America, the Open Society Institute, and the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.

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